Economics (ESSAY and OBJ) Waec GCE 2016 Free Expo Answers
Saturday, 17th September, 2016
Economics (Essay& Objective) 9.3
VERIFIED ECONOMICS OBJ:
Total population of the country
60 and above=250
60 and above=250
Dependency ratio is 0-17
Percentage of the population that constitute the labour force
Total population is 2000
% of labour force=850/2000*100%
The population decliner because it reduce from the age 1-17 to 60 and above
Per capital income:
(i) Wants: Wants are desire to own goods and services that gives satitisfaction.Human wants are insatiable and unlimited.Human beings have unlimited wants but the resources are limited relative to the demand for them
(ii) Scarcity: It is the limited supply of reources which are used for satisfaction of unlimited wants>It is the limited in supply or shortage in supply of available resources relative to demand for it.It arises as a result of the inability of available resources to satisfy the unlimited wants of man
(iii) Scale of preference: It is the arragement of wants in order of imporatance.It is a list of individual wants in order of their relative importance makes it easier for choice to be made when we draw scale of preference
(iv) Opportunity cost: It is the expression of cost in relation to the forgone alternative.It is the cost of the alternative forgone
(i) Satisfaction of human wants: Economics deals with human being and the satisfaction of their numerous needs with their limited available resources
(ii) Allocation of scarce resource: As a result of the fact that the resources within the limt of human being are not in abundance,It becomes necessary to study economics so as to decide on the alternative uses of the scarce resources to satisfy the unlimited resources
(iii) Rational decision: It enable us to take a rational decision pertaining to business and other policy matters
(iv) Economic analysis: It enable us to build up theories and tools of economic analysis
5ai)Direct tax refers to the type of tax imposed directly on income of individuals or organisation by government or its agency
5aii)Indirect tax:This refers to taxes which are imposed or levied on goods and services
5b)-It generate income for the country
-it discourages excess importation of foreign goods
-To promote locally produced goods
-To discourage importation of harmful goods into the country
5c)-It is levy on consumer goods in form of VAT
-it is paid directly to the seller of good which remit it to the appropriate tax authority
7ai) transfer payment is
a payment made or income received in which
no goods or services are being paid for, such
as a benefit payment or subsidy.
7aii) An intermediate product is a product that
might require further processing before it is
saleable to the ultimate consumer. This further
processing might be done by the producer or
by another processor.
7aiii) Subsistence productions refers to output from
the production process that is just enough for
i)Per capita income does not reflect the standard of living of the people.
ii)If per capita income is the measurement,the population problem may be cancealed.
iii)An increase in per capita income may not raise the real standard of living of people.
iv)Although an increase in output
per head is in itself a significant
(i) supply of money is the total amount of money available for use in the economy at a given period of time.
(ii) Demand for money is the total amount of money whch all individuals in economy wish to hold for various reasons. It is the desire to hold money
(i) transactionary motives
(ii) precautionary motives
(i) The Price Level: If the price level increases, it means that a given sum of money would buy fewer goods and services. Fall in prices leads to an increase in the value of money.
(ii) Inflation and Deflation: The value of money reduces during inflation while the value of money increases during Deflation.
(iii) volume Of goods and services: When more goods and services are available while the supply of money remains constant, the value of money will increase. More commodities can be purchased with a given sum of money.
(iv) The supply of money and it’s speed or velocity in circulation