Tuesday, 18th April, 2017
Christian Religious Studies 2 (Essay) 09.30am – 11.30am
Christian Religious Studies 1 (Objective) 11.30am – 12.30pm
Islamic Studies 2 (Essay) 09.30am – 11.30am
Islamic Studies 1 (Objective) 11.30am – 12.30pm
Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile, when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, and they grazed among the reeds. After them, seven other cows, ugly and gaunt, came up out of the Nile and stood beside those on the riverbank. And the cows that were ugly and gaunt ate up the seven sleek, fat cows. Then Pharaoh woke up. He fell asleep again and had a second dream: Seven heads of grain, healthy and good, were growing on a single stalk. After them, seven other heads of grain sprouted thin and scorched by the east wind. The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven healthy, full heads. Then Pharaoh woke up; it had been a dream.
-It reveal various aspects of the nature of god
-He is God of order.his creation is orderly
-God whose word is powerful and creative
-God who is omnipotent,ominiscient and ominiprensent
-God is alpha and omega
-God whose creation is perfect and good
now in the Promised Land after the military
conquests of Joshua, went through a constant cycle
of falling into sin, being punished by God via an attack
by enemy invaders, crying out to the Lord in
repentance and a Judge being raised up to lead the
nation back towards God and deliver them from their
troubles. Deborah was one of the 12 judges and in her
account in Joshua Chapters 4 and 5 we see the faith,
strength and leadership of a faithful woman of God.
(I)the two robbers-they were crucified along side Jesus Christ,one on his right hand and the other on the left…
ii)Joseph Arimathea-he was a disciple of Jesus Christ,he went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Pilate ordered it to be given to him.Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen and laid it in his own new tomb. He rolled a great stone at the entrance of the tomb and departed .
(I)it tells us as Christians should b humble and respectful
(ii)it also teaches us that Jesus has Power to save a sinner
Crs 7a First, they devoted themselves to the teaching of the apostles (διδαχή). This instruction is for new converts who may not have heard Jesus teach. The apostles are witnesses passing along the things which they have seen and heard. It is entirely possible that the apostles had common set of instruction which they regularly passed along to new converts. If this is the case, then there was a basic body of tradition within months of the death of Jesus which could be called the “teaching of the apostles.”
Second, they devoted themselves to fellowship (κοινωνία). Since this word has the connotation of sharing common, this is likely an allusion to the communal life described in the next verses (Fitzmyer, Acts, 269). At the very least this includes alms and care for the poor. I would suggest that many of those who needed assistance were Diaspora pilgrims who accepted the message of Jesus and remained in Jerusalem rather than to return home after Pentecost.
Third, they devoted themselves to “breaking of bread.” While this phrase can be used of sharing a meal together, it is likely that Luke is describing the community as celebrating some form of communion. In Luke 21:19 the same words are used as Jesus takes bread and breaks it. In Luke 24:35 it is used for the resurrected Jesus breaking bread as two disciples realized who he was. I think that Jesus’ practice of common meals was the foundation for this practice — they all ate and drank together as one group.
Fourth, they devoted themselves to prayers. Since the Greek is plural this is plausibly a reference to daily prayers in the Temple. It would not be unusual for Jewish men to go to the Temple several times a day to pray, so the community continues to worship at the Temple regularly. In fact, Acts 2:46 indicates that the disciples met in both private homes and in the Temple. This likely put them into contact with other observant Jews who would then be introduced to Jesus as Messiah.
7b choose 3
1. Christians Were Bound and United By A Common Truth
2. Christians Were Characterized by Uncommon Joy
3. Christians Were a Fearless and Animated People, Not a Passive Church
4. Christians Were Known By Their Love
5. Christians Gave Sacrificially to the Needy
According to James all Christian must avoid
partiality. He admonished them saying ” For if
a man with gold rings and in fine clothing
comes into ur assembly and a poor man in
shabby clothing also comes in and you pay
attention to the rich and say “have a seat here
please” whiles you say to the poor man “stand
there” or “sit at my feet”. James advised that
when this happens, the members have
discriminated against the poor man and
honoured the rich. He advised them saying ”
God has chosen the poor to be rich in faith and
heirs of the kingdom which he has promised.
He further wrote that, they would b fulfilling
the royal law which says “love your neighbour
as yourself” if they avoid partiality and
1. discrimination create division in the church
2. It retards spiritual and numerical growth of
3. It leads to lack of commitment
4. It discourages people from accepting the
During the Call of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, many Muslims were diligent in memorizing the
(hadith) sayings of the Prophet peace be upon him.
As Islam spread through many countries, battles increased killing many memorizers of hadith. The remaining memorizers were
dispersed throughout the countries. Growing concern arose that some of memorizers might keep the hadith to themselves; verification of hadith became little and falsehood and
fabrication was being mistaken for the genuine truth. The need to write down and document the hadith became very apparent. The first person who ordered written documentation of
hadith was ‘Umar Ibn ‘Abdul-‘Aziz; who did so after he was appointed to the office of Caliphate. He viewed written documentation as the best means of preserving genuine hadith of the Prophet Peace be upon him. In “Fathul-Bari” for Ibn Hajar it was mentioned that: “The first one to write down the hadith was Ibn Shihab Az-Zuhri at the turn of the first century by the order of ‘Umar Ibn ‘Abdul ‘Aziz.”
Al-Bukhari also mentioned in “al-Fath”: ‘Umar Ibn ‘Abdul ‘Aziz wrote to all the countries.
i)Continuity of the chain (i.e. each narrator mustactually have had contact with the narrator ‘above’ him, from whom he is claiming to narrate).
ii)Moral uprightness of each narrator (an
inobservant or sinful Muslim, who is evidently careless even about his religious practice, cannot be expected to be careful enough to reliably transmit hadith).
iii)Retention of each narrator (someone with a poor memory cannot be relied upon to transmit hadith accurately, unless he writes down hadith upon hearing them and narrates only from his manuscript).
iv)Freedom from irregularities (if A, B, C, D, E and F all heard a hadith from X, but F narrates it differently than A, B, C, D and E, then even if F is upright and generally reliable, this particular narration of his will be considered irregular.)
v)Freedom from flaws (there are other, more subtle flaws in the isnad, which can be detected by experts in hadith science, who have familiarity with information about the narrators, and with a large corpus of narrations and the correlations and divergences between them.)
Tafsir of Quran means the
explanation or interpretations of the verses of Quran.
i)Tafsir bil Riwaya
ii)Tafsir bil Ray
i)Firstly, it tries to explain Quran so that
the understanding of the reader about
Quran and its message increases.
Reading only the translation can give the
literal meanings of the words of Quran,
however, Tafsir comes with context in
which a particular Ayah was revealed,
hence giving a context to each and every
word, which consequently means a better
understanding of Quran and its verses.
ii)Secondly , Tafsir is also important when
it comes to driving out the laws of Islam
from Quran. Verses of Quran come with
instructions, and then there are the
hadiths of Prophet (PBUH) that also
gives instructions. Thus, Tafsir combines
both and gives a complete and
comprehendible set of instructions to the
iii)Thirdly, when there is no science
involved in the interpretation of Quran,
then ambiguity and contradiction is
surely to rise.
Fasting teaches man the principle of sincere love; because when he observes the fasting he doses it out of deep love for Allah. And the man who loves Allah truly is a man who really knows what love is.
It equips man with a creative sense of hope and an optimistic outlook on life; because when he fast he is hoping to please Allah and is seeking His Grace.
It imbues man with a genuine virtue of
effective Devotion, honest and Dedication and closeness to Allah because when he fast he does so for Allah alone
It cultivates in man a vigilant and sound
conscience; because the fasting person keeps his fast in secret as well as in public.
It shows man a new way of wise savings
and sound Budgeting; because normally when he eats less quantities or less meals he spends less money and effort. And this is a spiritual semester of home economics and budgeting.
It enables man to master the art of mature
G. Adaptability. We can easily understand the point once we realize that fasting makes man change the entire course of his daily life.
Essentials of Valid Muslim Marriage
For a valid Islamic marriage, the following conditions must be satisfied:
1. The parties must have the capacity to marry
2. There must be a clear proposal and acceptance.
3. Free consent
4. No Legal disability
1. Capacity to marry
Every Muslim of sound mind who has attained puberty, may enter into a contract of marriage. Puberty means the age at which a person becomes adult (capable of performing sexual intercourse and procreation of children). A person is presumed to have attained the age of puberty on the completion of 15 years. So the boy and girl who has attained puberty can validly contract a marriage .
2. Proposal and Acceptance
Under the Muslim law for the validity of a marriage there must be a proposal and acceptance at the same meeting. The proposal and acceptance must both be expressed at one meeting; a proposal made at one meeting and acceptance made at another meeting does not make a valid Muslim marriage. Neither writing nor any religious ceremony is essential.
3. Free consent
Free consent of the parties is absolutely necessary for a valid marriage .If there is no free consent a Muslim marriage is void. Under the Muslim Law, a marriage of a Mohammedan who is of sound mind and has attained puberty is void; if it is brought about without his consent The marriage of a girl who has attained puberty and is of sound mind would be void if her consent is not obtained.
4. No Legal disability
Under Muslim Law, marriage under certain circumstances is prohibited or not permitted. The prohibitions can be classified into two classes:
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